L A T I N

➔[Enzyklopädie]

Latin dictionary a
abs ac ad adi
A, a
Ä
Aa
Äa
Aach
Aachen
Aadl
Aadorf
Aak
Äakos
Aakrefjord
Aal
Aalbeck
Aalbeere
Aalborg
Aalbricke
Aalbrutleiter
Aalbuch
Aalbutt
Aaleidechse
Aalen
Aalesund
Aalfang
Aalgabel
Aalhälter
Aali Pascha
Aalkasten
Aalkirsche
Aall
Aallege
Aalmolch
Aalmutter
Aalporzellan
Aalpuppe
Aalquappe
Aalquast
Aalraupe
Aalraute
Aalreuse
Aalst
Aalstecher
Aalstreif
Aalstrich
Aalter
Aaltierchen
Aalwehr
Aar
Aarassos
Aaron
Aaron
Aarweihe
Aas
Aasblatter
Aasen
Aasfliege
Aasfressend
Aasgeyer
Aaskäfer
Aaskopf
Aaspocke
Aaß
Aasseite
Ab
Aba 1
Aba 2
Aba 3
Aba 4
aba
ab, a, abs
Abaasen
Ababa
ababus
Abächzen
Abackern
Abacti magistratus
abactor
Abactores
abactus1
abactus2
abaculus
abax
Abacus 1
Abacus 2
Abacus 3
Abacus 4
Abacus 5
Abacus 6
Abacus 7
Abacus 8
Abacus 9
abacus
Aba(d)dir
Abaddir
Abaddon
Abaesamis
abaestuo
abagio
abagmentum
Abai 2
Abai
Abaios
Abakaina
Abakainon
Abala
Abalcia
Abali
Abalienatio
abalienatio
abalieno
Abalites
Aballava
Aballo
Abalus
abambulantes
abamita
Abana
Abänderlich
Abändern
Abänderung
Abängsten
Abanni
abante
Abantes
Abantiades
Abantias
Abantidas
Abantis
Abantius
Abantus
Abara
Abaradira
Abarara
Abaratha
Abarbaree
Abarbeiten
Abarbeitung
Abarbina
abarcet
Abarene
Abärgern
Abarimon
Abarinos
Abaris
Abaris
Abaritanus
Abarnias
Abärnten
Abaroi
Abaros
Abart
Abarten
Abartig
Abartos
Abartung
Abas
Abas
Abasa
abascantus
Abäschern
Abasenoi
Abaskantos
Abaskoi
Abaskos
Abaßen
Abastanoi
Abästen
Abäthmen
abathon
Abathuba
Abaton
Abatos
Abätzen
Abäugeln
Abäußern
abavia
abavunculus
abavus
Abba
Abba
abba
Abbacken
Abbaden
Abbähen
Abbaitis
Abbaizen
Abbaken
Abbalgen
Abbamsen
Abbannen
abbas
Abbassos
Abbassus
Abbatissinn
Abbauen
Abbaumen
Abbäumen
Abbeeren
Abbeißen
Abbeitzen
Abbersten
Abberufen
Abbestellen
Abbethen
Abbetteln
Abbetten
Abbeugen
Abbezahlen
Abbiegen
Abbiethen
Abbild
Abbilden
Abbildung
Abbilligen
Abbinden
Abbir
Abbiß
Abbitte
Abbitten
Abblasen
Abblatten
Abblättern
Abbläuen
Abblicken
Abblühen
Abblüthen
Abbohren
Abborgen
Abbrand
Abbraten
Abbrauchen
Abbräunen
Abbrausen
Abbrechen
Abbrechung
Abbreiten
Abbrennen
abbreviatio
Abbreviiren
abbrevio
Abbringen
Abbröckeln
Abbruch
Abbrühen
Abbrunften
Abbuden
Abbürsten
Abbüßen
Abc
Abcbuch
Abcediren
abcido
Abcirkeln
Abcopiren
Abcschüler
Abcschütz
Abdachen
Abdagaeses
Abdagases
Abdalonymos
Abdalonymus
Abdarda
Abdemon
Abdera
Abdera
Abderos
Abdias
Abdicatio
abdicatio
abdicative
abdicativus
abdicatrix
abdico
abdico2
Abdira
Abdissares
abdite
abditivus
abditus
abdo
Abdolonymus
abdomen
abduco
abductio
abductus
Abdus
Abeakos
Abeatae
Abecedarii
abecedarius
Abel
Abela
Abella
Abella
Abellinates Marsi
Abellinum
Abellinum
Abellio
Abellio
Abellius
Abelmea
Abelterio
Abelux
abemito
Abenlone
Abenna
Abennerigos
Abensa
abeo
Abeona
Abeona
abequito
abercet
Aberglaube
aberratio
aberro
abfore
Abgabes
Abgar
abgregare
abhiemo
abhinc
abhorreo
abhorresco
abhorride
abicio
abiegnus
abiens
abies
abietarius
abiga
abigeator
abigeatus
abigeus
abigo
Abii
abitio
abito
abitus
abjecte
abjectio
abjectus
abjicio
abjudicativus
abjudico
abjugo
abjunctus
abjungo
abjuratio
abjurgo
abjuro
ablactatio
ablacto
ablaqueatus
ablaqueo
ablatio
ablativus
ablator
ablatus
ablegatio
ablegmina
ablego
ablepsia
abligurrio
abligurritio
abligurritor
abloco
abludo
abluo
ablutio
ablutor
ablutus
abluvium
abmatertera
abnato
abnegatio
abnegativus
abnegator
abnego
abnepos
abneptis
Abnoba
abnocto
abnodo
abnormis
abnueo
abnuitio
abnuiturus
abnumero
abnuo
abnutivus
abnuto
abolefacio
aboleo
abolesco
abolitio
abolitor
abolla
aboloes
abominabilis
abominamentum
abominandus
abominatio
abomino
abominor
abominosus
aborigenes
aborior
aboriscor
aborsus
aborsus2
abortium
abortivus
aborto
abortum
abortus
abpatruus
abrado
Abraham
abrasus
abrelictus
abrenuntio
abreptus
abripio
abrodiaetus
abrodo
abrogatio
abrogo
abrosus
abrotonites
abrotonum
abrumpo
abrupte
abruptio
abruptus
abs
abscedo
abscessio
abscessus
abscido
abscindo
abscise
abscissio
abscissus
abscondite
absconditor
abscondo
absegmen
absens
absentia
absentivus
absento
absida
absidatus
absilio
absimilis
absinthiatus
absinthites
absinthium
absis
absisto
absitus
absocer
absolute
absolutio
absolutorius
absolutus
absolvo
absone
absonus
absorbeo
absorptio
abspello
absque
absque2
abstantia
abstemius
abstentio
abstentus
abstergeo
absterreo
abstersus
abstinax
abstinens
abstinenter
abstinentia
abstineo
absto
abstractio
abstractus
abstraho
abstrudo
abstruo
abstruse
abstrusio
abstrusus
abstulo
absuetudo
absum
absumedo
absumo
absumptio
absumptus
absurde
absurditas
absurdus
Absyrtis
Absyrtus
Absyrtus2
abtorqueo
abundans
abundantia
abundatio
abunde
abundo
abundus
abusio
abusive
abusivus
abusor
abusque
abusus
abutor
Abydus
Abyla
abyssus
ac
ac2
acacia
academia
Academice
academicus
Academus
acalanthis
acalephe
Acamas
acanos
acanthice
acanthillis
acanthinus
acanthion
acanthis
Acanthius
Acanthus
acanthyllis
acapnos
Acarnan
Acarnania
acarne
Acastus
acatalecticus
acatium
acatus
acaunumarga
acaustus
Acbarus
Acca
Accalia
accano
accanto
accantus
accedenter
accedo
acceleratio
accelero
accendium
accendo
accendo2
accenseo
accensibilis
accensus
accensus2
accentiuncula
accentor
accentus
accepso
accepta
acceptabilis
acceptator
acceptilatio
acceptio
acceptito
accepto
acceptor
acceptor2
acceptorius
acceptrix
acceptum
acceptus
accerso
accessa
accessibilis
accessibilitas
accessio
accessito
accessus
accessus2
Accianus
accidens
accidentia
accido
accido2
accieo
accinctus
accingo
accino
accio
accipenser
accipio
accipiter
accipitrina
accipitro
accisus
accitio
accitus
accitus2
Accius
acclamatio
acclamito
acclamo
acclaro
acclinis
acclino
acclivis
acclivitas
acclivus
Acco
accognosco
accola
accolo
accommodate
accommodatio
accommodatus
accommodo
accommodus
accongero
accorporo
accredo
accrementum
accresco
accretio
Accua
accubatio
accubitalia
accubitatio
accubitio
accubito
accubitorius
accubitum
accubitus
accubo
accubuo
accudo
accumbo
accumulate
accumulatio
accumulator
accumulo
accurate
accuratio
accuratus
accuro
accurro
accursus
accusabilis
accusatio
accusativus
accusator
accusatorie
accusatorius
accusatrix
accusito
accuso
Ace
acedior
acentetus
aceo
acephalus
acer
acer2
aceratus
acerbe
acerbitas
acerbitudo
acerbo
acerbus
acerneus
acernia
acernus
acerosus
acerra
Acerrae
acersecomes
acerus
acervalis
acervatim
acervatio
acervo
acervus
acesco
Acesines
Acesinus
acesis
Acesta
Acestes
acetabulum
acetaria
acetasco
aceto
acetum
Achaemenes
Achaemenides
achaemenis
Achaemenius
Achaetus
Achaeus
Achaeus2
Achaia
achantum
achanum
Acharnae
acharne
Acharrae
Achates
Achates2
Acheloias
Achelois
Acheloius
Achelous
Achemenides
Acherini
Acheron
Acherontia
Acheronticus
Acheros
Acheruns
Acherusia
Acherusius
acheta
Achilla
Achillas
achillea
Achilleides
Achilleis
achilleos
Achilles
Achillides
Achivus
achlis
Acholla
achor
Achradina
achras
acia
acicula
Acidalia
acide
aciditas
acidulus
acidus
acieres
acies
Acilianus
Acilius
acina
acinaces
acinarius
acinaticius
acinos
acinosus
acinus
Acionna
acipenser
Acis
Acis2
acisco
acisculus
aclassis
aclys
Acmon
Acmonensis
Acmonides
acnua
acoenonetus
acoenonoetus
acoetis
aconae
aconiti
aconitum
acontias
Acontius
acontizo
Acontizomenos
acopos
acor
acorna
acorus
acquiesco
acquiro
acquisitio
acra
Acrae
Acraephia
Acraeus
Acragas
Acragas2
acratophoron
acre
acredo
acredula
Acriae
acriculus
acridium
acrifolium
Acrillae
acrimonia
Acrisione
Acrisioneus
Acrisioniades
Acrisius
acritas
Acritas
acriter
acritudo
acro
acroama
acroamatarius
acroamaticus
acroasis
acroaticus
Acroceraunia
acrochordon
acrocolefium
acrocolion
Acrocorinthus
acrocorium
acrolithus
Acron
Acronius Lacus
Acronoma saxa
acropodium
acror
Acrota
acroteria
acrozymus
acta
acta2
actaea
Actaeon
Actaeus
actarius
acte
Acte
Actiacus
Actias
actinophoroe
actinosus
actio
actito
Actium
actiuncula
Actius
active
activus
actor
Actor
actorius
Actorius
actrix
actualis
actuaria
actuariolum
actuarium
actuarius
actuarius2
actum
actuose
actuosus
actus
actutum
acuarius
acula
aculeatus
Aculeo
aculeolus
aculeus
acumen
acuminarius
acumino
acuo
acupedius
acus
acus2
acus3
Acusilas
acutalis
acutarus
acutatus
acute
acutor
acutule
acutulus
acutum
acutus
acva
acylos
acyrologia

adactio
adactus
Adad
adadunephros
adaequatio
adaeque
adaequo
adaeratio
adaero
adaestuo
adaggero
adagio
adagium
adagnitio
adalgidus
adalligo
Adam
adamanteus
adamantinus
adamantis
adamas
adamator
adambulo
Adamiani
adamo
adampliatus
adamplio
adamussim
adaperio
adapertilis
adapertio
adapertus
adaptatus
adapto
adaquo
adaquor
adarca
adaresco
adariarius
adaro
adasia
adaucto
adauctor
adauctus
adaugeo
adaugesco
adaxint
adbello
adbibo
adbito
adblatero
adc
addax
addecet
addecimo
addenseo
addico
addictio
addictus
addisco
additamentum
additicius
additio
addititius
additivus
additus
addivino
addo
addoceo
addormio
addormisco
Addua
addubanum
addubitatio
addubito
adduco
adductius
adductor
adductus
adedo
Adelphi
adelphis
ademptio
ademptor
ademptus
adeo
adeo2
Adeona
adeps
adeptio
adeptus
adequito
aderro
adesco
adesdum
adesurio
adesus
adexpeto
adf
adg
adhabito
adhaereo
adhaeresco
adhaese
adhaesio
adhaesus
adhalo
adhamo
Adherbal
adhibeo
adhibitio
adhibitus
adhinnio
adhorreo
adhortamen
adhortatio
adhortativus
adhortator
adhortatus
adhortor
adhospito
adhuc
adhucine
Adiabena
adiacentia
adiaceo
adiaculatus
adiantum
adiaphoros
Adiatorix
adibilis
adicio
adicio
adiecticius
adiectio
adiectivus
adiecto
adiectus
adigo
adimo
adimpleo
adimpletio
adimpletor
adincresco
adindo
adinflo
adingero
adinquiro
adinstar
adinvenio
adinventio
adinventor
adinventum
adinvicem
adinvolvo
adipalis
adipatum
adipatus
adipeus
adipiscor
adipsatheon
adipsos
aditialis
aditiculus
aditio
adito
aditus
adiubeo
adiudicatio
adiudico
adiuero
adiugo
adiumentum
adiunctio
adiunctivus
adiunctor
adiungo
adiuramentum
adiuratio
adiurator
adiuratorius
adiuro
adiutabilis
adiuto
adiutor
adiutorium
adiutrix
adiutus
adiuvo
adl
admaturo
admensus
admeo
admetior
Admetus
admigro
adminiculabundus
adminiculator
adminiculo
adminiculor
adminiculum
administer
administra
administratio
administratiuncula
administrativus
administrator
administratorius
administro
admirabilis
admirabilitas
admirabiliter
admirandus
admiratio
admirator
admiror
admisceo
admissarius
admissio
admissionalis
admissivae
admissor
admissum
admissura
admissus
admistio
admistus
admitto
admixtio
admixtus
admoderate
admoderor
admodulor
admodum
admoenio
admolior
admonefacio
admoneo
admonitio
admonitor
admonitorium
admonitrix
admonitum
admonitus
admordeo
admorsus
admotio
admotus
admoveo
admugio
admulceo
admurmuratio
admurmuro
admurmuror
admutilo
adn
adnascor
adnato
adnatus
adnavigo
adnecto
adnepos
adneptis
adnomen
adobruo
adolabilis
adolatio
adolefactus
Adolenda
adoleo
adoleo2
adolesc
adolesco
adominatio
Adoneus
Adonia
adonidium
Adonis
adonium
adoperio
adoperte
adopertum
adopinor
adoptaticius
adoptatio
adoptator
adoptio
adoptivus
adopto
ador
adorabilis
adoratio
adorator
adordino
adorea
adoreus
Adoreus
adorio
adorior
adoriosus
adornate
adorno
adoro
adortus
adosculor
adp-
adquiesco
adquo
adr-
adrachne
adrado
Adramytteos
Adrana
Adrastea
Adrasteus
Adrastis
Adrastus
adrasus
adrectarius
adrectus
adremigo
Adria
adroro
Adrumetum
adrumo
adruo
adsc-
adse-
adsp-
adst-
adsu-
adsum-
adt-
Aduatuca
Aduatuci
adulabilis
adulans
adulanter
adulatio
adulator
adulatorius
adulatrix
adulescens
adulescentia
adulescentior
adulescentula
adulescentulus
adulescenturio
adulo
adulor
adulter
adulteratio
adulterator
adulteratrix
Ἀβάλας λιμήν

Lewis and Short, A new Latin Dictionary

I. A, a, indecl. n. (sometimes joined with I. littera), the first letter of the Latin alphabet, corresponding to the a, α of the other Indo-. European languages: A primum est: hinc incipiam, et quae nomina ab hoc sunt, Lucil. ap. Terent. Scaur. p. 2255 P.: sus rostro si humi A litteram impresserit, Cic. Div. 1, 13, 23: ne in A quidem atque S litteras exire temere masculina Graeca nomina recto casu patiebantur, Quint. 1, 5, 61. II. The sound of the A is short or long in every part of the word; as, ăb, păter, ită; ā, māter, frustrā. During a short period (between about 620 and 670 A. U. C. = from 134 to 84 B.C.) long a was written aa, probably first by the poet L. Attius, in the manner of the Oscan language; so we find in Latin inscriptions: AA. CETEREIS (i.e.a ceteris), CALAASI, FAATO, HAACE, MAARCIVM, PAAPVS, PAASTORES, VAARVS; and in Greek writing, MAAPKOΨ ΨIOΣ MAAPKEAAOΣ, KOINTON MAAPKION (like Osc. aasas = Lat. āra, Osc. Paapi = Lat. Pāpius, Osc. Paakul = Lat. Pāculus, Pācullus, Pācuvius, etc.), v. Ritschl, Monum. Epigr. p. 28 sq., and cf. Mommsen, Unterital. Dialekte, p. 210 sq. (The Umbrian language has gone a step farther, and written long a by aha, as Aharna, Naharcom, trahaf, etc.; cf. Aufrecht and Kirchhoff, Umbrische Sprachdenkm. p. 76 sq.) Vid. also the letters E and U. III. In etymological and grammatical formation of words, short a very often (sometimes also long a) is changed into other vowels. A. Short a is changed, 1. , into long a a. In consequence of the suppression of the following consonants at the end or in the middle of the word: ŭb, ā; vădis, vūs; ăg-, ăg-men, exāmen; tăg-, contūmino; căd-, cāsus. Hence also in the abl. sing. of the first decl., and in the particles derived from it. in consequence of the suppression of the original ablat. end. -d: PRAEDAD (Col. Rostr.), praedā; SENTENTIAD (S. C. de Bacch.), sententiā; EXTBAD (ib.), extrā; SVPRAD (ib.), suprā. Hence, b. In perfect forms: scăb-o, scābi; căveo, cūvi; făv-eo, fāvi; păv-eo, pāvi (for scăbui, căvui, făvui, păvui). c. In other forms: ăgo, ambūges; păc-, păc-iscor, pâcis (pâx); săg-ax, sūgus, sāga; măc-er, mâcero; făg- (φαγεῖν), fūgus. (Contrary to analogy, ă remains short in dănunt, from dă-in-unt, V. Ritschl, l.l.p. 17.) 2. Short a is changed into é or ē a. Into é. (a) Most frequently in the second part of compounds, particularly before two consonants: facio, confectus; jacio, conjectus; rapio, dereptus; dăm-, damno, condemno; fāl-, fallo, fefelli; măn-, mando, commendo; scando, ascendo; ăp-, aptus, ineptus; ăr-, ars, iners, sollers; ăn-, annus, perennis; căpio, auceps; căput, triceps; ăgo, remex; jăcio, objex. And thus in Plautus, according to the best MSS., dispenno, dispessus from pando, compectus from compăciscor, anteceptus from capio (on the other hand, in Vergil, according to the best MS., aspurgo, attractare, deiractare, kept their a unchanged). (β) Sometimes ă is changed into ĕ also before one consonant (but in this case it is usually changed into ĭ; v. infra, 3. a. a.): grădior, ingrĕdior; pătior, perpĕtior; părio, repĕrio; păro, vitupĕro; ăp-, coepi (i. e. co-ŭpi); căno, tubicĕn, tibicĕn; in the reduplicated carcĕr (from carcar) farfŏrus (written also farfārus); and so, according to the better MSS., aequipĕro from păro, and defĕtigo from fătigo. (γ) In words taken from the Greek: τάλαντον, talŏntum; φάλαρα, phalŏrae; σίσαρον, sisŏr (but, according to the best MSS., cumŭra from καμάρα, not camŏra). b. Short a is changed to ē in some perfect forms: ăgo, ēgi; fūcio, féci; jăci, jĕci; frag-, frango, frēgi; căpio, cēpi, and păg-, pango, pēgi (together with pepĭgi and panxi, v. pango). 3. Short a is changed to ĭ, a (most frequently in the second part of compounds) (α) before one consonant: ăgo, abĭgo; făcio, confĭcio; cădo, concĭdo; sălio, assĭlio; răpio, abrĭpio; păter, Juppĭter (in Umbrian lang. unchanged, Jupater), Marspĭter; Diespĭter, Opĭter; rătus, irrĭtus; ămicus, inìmicus (but ŭ remains unchanged in adŭmo, impătiens, and in some compounds of a later period of Roman literature, as praejacio, calefacio, etc.). (β) Sometimes also before two consonants (where it is usually changed into ĕ; v. supra, 2. α. β.): tăg-, tango, contingo; păg-, pango, compingo (unchanged in some compounds, as peragro, desacro, depango, obcanto, etc.). b. ă is changed into ĭ in the reduplicated perfect forms: cădo, cecĭdi; căno, cecĭni; tăg-, tango, tetĭgi; păg-, pango, pepĭgi. c. Likewise in some roots which have ă: păg-, pignus; străg- (strangulo, στράγγω), stringo. d. In words taken from the Greek: μηχανή, machĭna; πατάνη, patĭna; βυκάνη, bucĭna; τρυτάνη, trutĭna; βαλανεῖον, balĭneum; Κατάνα, Catĭna (written also Catana); ‘Ακράγας, Agrĭgentum. 4. Short a is changed into short or long o. a. Into ŏ: scăbo, scobs; păr, pars, portio; dăm-, dŏmo; Fabii, Fŏvii (v. Paul. ex Fest. p. 87); μάρμαρον, marmŏr; Mars, redupl. Marmar, Marmor (Carm. Fratr. Arv.). b. Into ō: dă-, dōnum, dōs; ăc-, ăcuo, ōcior (v. this art.). 5. Short a is changed into ŭ a. In the second part of compounds, particularly before l, p, and b: calco, inculco; salsus, insulsus; salto, exsulto; capio, occŭpo; răpio, surrupio and surruptus (also written surripio and surreptus); tăberna, contŭbernium; —before other consonants: quătio, conoŭtio; as, decussis; Mars, Mamŭrius, Mamŭralia; and once also condumnari (Tab. Bant. lin. 8, immediately followed by condemnatus, v. Klenze, Philol. Abhandl. tab. I., and Mommsen, Unterital. Dial. p. 149). b. In words of Greek origin: ‘Εκάβη, Hecŭba; σκυτάλη, scutŭla; κραιπάλη, crapŭla; πάσσαλος, pessŭlus; ᾶφλαστον, aplustre; θρίαμβος, triumphus. c. ă is perhaps changed into ŭ in ulciscor, compared with alc-, ὐλέξω (arc-, arceo). B. Long a is sometimes changed into ē or ō. 1. Into é: hālo, anhélo; fās-, féstus, profēstus; nām, némpe. 2. Into ō: gnā-, gnārus, ignārus, ignōro. (But in general long a remains unchanged in composition: lābor, delūbor; gnàvus, ignūnus; fàma, infūmis.) IV. Contrary to the mode of changing Greek α into Latin e, i, o, u (v. supra), Latin a has sometimes taken the place of other Greek vowels in words borrowed from the Greek, as: λόγχη, lancea; κύλιξ, călix; Γανυμηὀης, Caiāmitus. V. The repugnance of the Latin Language to the Greek combined vowels αο has caused the translocation of them in Alumento for Δαομέὸων (Paul. ex Fest. p. 18 Müll.). Greek α is suppressed in Hercules from ‘Ηρακλῆς (probably in consequence of the inserted u; in late Latin we find Heracla and Heracula, cf. Ritschl, in Rhein. Mus. Neue Folge, vol. 12, p. 108). VI. Latin ă was early combined with the vowels i and u, forming the diphthongs ai and au; by changing the i into e, the diphthong ai soon became ae. So we find in the oldest inscriptions: AIDE, AIDLLIS, AIQVOM, GNAIVOD, HAICE, DVELONAI, TABELAI, DATAI, etc., which soon gave place to aedem, aedilis, aequom, Gnaeo, haec, Bellonae, tabellae, datae, etc. (the Col. Rostr. has PRAESENTE, PRAEDAD, and the S. C. de Bacch. AEDEM. The triphthong aei, found in CONQVAEISIVEI (?), is very rare; Miliar. Popil. lin. 11, v. Ritschl, l. l. p. 21). In some poets the old gen. sing. of the first decl. (-ai) is preserved, but is dissyllabic, āī. So in Ennius: Albūī Longūī, terrūī frugiferāī, frondosāī, lunāī, viāī; in Vergil: aulāī, aurāī, aquāī, pictāī; in Ausonius: herāī. B. ue as well as au are changed into other vowels. 1. The sound of ae, e, and oe being very similar, these vowels are often interchanged in the best MSS., So we find caerimonia and cerimonia, caepa and cēpa, saeoulum and séculum; scaena and scēna; caelum and coelum, haedus and hoedus, macstus and moestus; cena, coena, and caena, etc. 2. In composition and reduplications ae becomes í: aequus, iníquus; quaero, inquíro; laedo, illído; taedet, pertisum (noticed by Cic.); aestumo, exístumo; cuedo, cecídi, concído, homicida. 3. ae is also changed into í in a Latinized word of Greek origin: Ἀχαιός (Ἀχαιϝόσ), Achíous. 4. The diphthong au is often changed to ó and ú (the latter particularly in compounds): caudex, códex; Claudius, Clodius; lautus, lotus; plaustrum, plōstrum; plaudo, plōdo, explōdo; paululum, pōlulum; faux, suffōco; si audes (acc. to Cic. or acc. to others, si audies), sódes, etc.; claudo, inclūdo; causa, accūso. Hence in some words a regular gradation of au, o, u is found: claudo, clōdicare, clúdo; raudus, ródus, rúdus; caupo, cópa, cūpa; naugae, nōgae (both forms in the MSS. of Plautus), nūgae; fraustra, frode, frude (in MSS. of Vergil); cf. Ritschl, in Wintercatalog 1854-55, and O. Ribbeck, in Jahn’s Neue Jahrb. vol. 77, p. 181 sq. The change of au into oē and ō appears only in audio, (oboedio) obēdio. 5. Au sometimes takes the place of av-: faveo, fautum, favitor, fautor; navis, navita, nauta; avis, auceps, auspex. So Latin aut corresponds to Sanscr. avo. (whence -vā, Lat. -ve), Osc. avti, Umbr. ute, ote; and so the Lat. preposition ab, through av, becomes au in the words aufero and aufugio (prop. av-fero, av-fugio, for ab-fero, ab-fugio). Vid. the art. ab init. VII. In primitive roots, which have their kindred forms in the sister-languages of the Latin, the original a, still found in the Sanscrit, is in Latin either preserved or more frequently changed into other vowels. A. Original a preserved: Sanscr. mātri, Lat. màter; S. bhrātri, L. fràter; S. nāsā, L. nàsus and nàris; S. ap, L. aqua; S. apa, L. ab; S. nāma, L. năm; S. ćatur, L. quattuor (in Greek changed: τἑτταρες); S. capūla, L. căput (in Greek changed: κεφαλή, etc.). B. Original a is changed into other Latin vowels 1. Into e: S. ad, L. ed (ĕdo); S. as, L. es (esse); S. pat, L. pet (peto); S. pād, L. pĕd (pès); S. dant, L. dent (dens); S. ǵan, L. gen (gigno); S. mā, L. mè-tior; S. saptan, L. septem; S. daśan, L. decem; S. śata, L. centum; S. aham, L. ŏgo; S. pāra, L. per; S. paśu, L. pŏcus; S. asva, L. ŏquus, etc. 2. Into i: S. an-, a- (neg. part.), L. in-: S. ana (prep.), L. in; S. antar, L. inter; S. sama, L. similis; S. agni, L. ignis; S. abhra, L. imber; S. panéa, L. quinque, etc. 3. Into o: S. avi, L. ŏvi (ovis); S. vać, L. vōc (voco); S. pra, L. pro; S. pā, L. po (pŏtum); S. nāma, L. nōmen; S. api, L. ŏb; S. navan, L. nŏvem; S. nava, L. nŏvus, etc. 4. Into u: S. marmara, L. murmur. 5. Into ai, ae: S. prati, L. (prai) prae; S. śaśpa, L. caespes. 6. Into different vowels in the different derivatives: S. mā, L. mê-tior, mŏdus; S. praó, L. prŏcor, prŏcus; S. vah, L. vĕho, via. C. Sometimes the Latin has preserved the original a, while even the Sanscrit has changed it: Lat. pa-, pater, Sanscr. pd, pitri. 2. As an abbreviation A. usually denotes the praenomen Aulus; A. A. = Auli duo, Inscr. Orell. 1530 (but A. A. = Aquae Aponi, the modern Abano, ib. 1643 sq.; 2620; 3011). The three directors of the mint were designated by III. VIRI A. A. A. F. F. (i. e. auro, argento, aeri flando, feriundo), ib. 569; 2242; 2379; 3134 al.; so also A. A. A., ib. 3441 (cf. Cic. Fam. 7, 13 fin., and v. the art. Triumviri); A. D. A. agris dandis adsignandis, and A. I. A. agris judicandis adsignandis; A. O. amico optimo; A. P. a populo or aediliciae potestatis; A. P. R. aerario populi Romani. Upon the voting tablets in judicial trials A. denoted absoluo; hence A. is called littera salutaris, Cic. Mil. 6, 15; v. littera. In the Roman Comitia A. (= antiquo) denoted the rejection of the point in question; v. antiquo. In Cicero’s Tusculan Disputations the A. designated one of the disputants = adulescens or auditor, opp. to M. for magister or Marcus (Cicero); but it is to be remarked that the letters A and M do not occur in the best MSS. of this treatise; cf. edd. ad Cic. Tusc. 1, 5, 9. In dates A. D. = ante diem; v. ante; A. U. C. = anno urbis conditae; A. P. R. C. anno post Romam conditam.

Reinhold Klotz, Handwörterbuch der lateinischen Sprache

A, a, erster Buchstabe des lateinischen Alphabets im Wesentlichen wie unser deutsches A gesprochen, etymologisch zunächst mit e, sodann mit i weniger mit o, u und y wechselnd, wie die übrigen Vokale an sich eben sowohl der Kürze als der Länge fähig, und in letzterem Falle, nach oskischer und altlateinischer Sitte, bisweilen durch aa ausgedrückt, ohne jedoch anders zu lauten, als ā.

A., als Abkürzung kann je nach dem Zusammenhange sehr Verschiedenes bedeuten; die wichtigsten Abkürzungen waren:
1) A. bei Eigennamen statt Aulus.
2) A. auf den Stimmtäfelchen der Richter statt Absolvo. Dah. in solcher Bezichung A littera salutaris heißt, während C. statt Condemno, littera tristis genannt wird, s. 1 Cic Mil 6 15, vgl. Pseudo-Ascon ad Cic divin in Q Caecil 7 24 p 108 18 Bait.
3) A. bei Comitialbestimmungen statt Antiquo, s. d. W.
4) A. in Ciceros Disp Tusc und wohl sonst auch in ähnlichen Dialogen statt Auditor, s. Cic Tusc 1 5 9 vgl S 7 de quo quis a udire vellet u. § 8 is qui audire vellet, von Lactant divin inst 1 15 25, der also auch schon das Siglum vorfand, fälschlich Atticus gedeutet.
5) A. bei Jahresangaben statt Annus oder wohl gewöhnlich Anno, wie A. V. statt Anno Urbis, A. V. C. statt Anno Urbis conditae, A. AB V. C. statt Anno ab Urbe condita.
6) A. A. A. F. F. nach IIIviri bedeutet auro argento aeri (oder auch aere) flando feriundo.
7) Auf Inschriften bezeichnet A. Augustus, A. A. Augusti duo, usw.
8) als Zahlzeichen soll A. quingenta, A quinque millia ausgedrückt haben, s. Notae numerorum er antiq cod V Putsch p 1684 u. 1685.
9) Bei Angabe des Datums bedeutet A. D. auf Inschriften, in gewöhnlichen Drucken a. d., so viel als ante diem, wie A. D. VIII. KAL. Nov. bei Orelli Inscript n 619 statt ante diem VIII Kalendas Novembres, A. D. XIII. K. APRILIS ebendas. n 4539 statt ante diem XIII. Kalendas Aprilis. Im Übrigen vergleiche man Grammat Putschii p 1495 sqq p 1537 sqq p 1541 sqq Orelli Inscript vol II p 453 sqq Pauly Real-Encyclop - u. d. W. A.

αγ
A, α






ἀ-
ἁ-
ἀά
ἃ ἅ
ἀάατος
ἀάβακτος
ἀαγής
ἄαδα
ἀαδεῖν
ἀαδέν
ἀαδένη
ἀαδές
ἀαδής
ἀάζω
ἀάθεκτον
ἀάθι
ἄαθι
ἀαίνω
ἀάκατος
ἀακίδωτος
ἀακραγές
ἄακτος
ἀϜαλαλκάνα
Ααλαφ
ἀάλιον
ἀαλμά
ἀαναίμα
ἄϜαναξ
ἀανές
ἀανής
ἄανθα
ἀάνθα
Ἀανῖτις
ἀάομαι
ἀάπλετος
ἄαπτος
Ἀαρασσός
ἀαρών, Ἀαρών
ἀαρών, Ααρωνίδης
ἄας
ἄασα
ἄασε
ἀάσθην
ἀασιφόρος
ἀασιφρονία
ἀασιφροσύνη
ἀασίφρων
ἀάσκει
ἀάσκω
ἀασμός
ἀάσπετος
ἀαστόν
ἀάστονα
ἀάσχετος
ἀάτα
ἄαται
Ἀάτη
ἀατήρ
ἄατος
ἀατύλον, ἀάτυλον
ἀάω
ἄβα
ἄβαγνα
ἀβαθής
ἄβαθρος
ἀβαίνω
ἀβακέω
ἀβακηνούς
ἀβακής
ἀβάκητον
ἀβακίζομαι
ἀβάκιον
ἀβακίσκος
ἀβακλή
ἀβακοειδής
ἄβακτον
ἀβάκχευτος
ἀβακχίωτος
ἄβαλε
ἀβαμβάκευτος
ἄβαξ
ἀβάπτιστος
ἄβαπτος
ἀβαρβάριστος
ἀβαρής
ἄβαρις
ἀβασάνιστος
ἀβασίλευτος
ἀβασκάνιστος
ἀβάσκανος
ἀβάσκαντος
ἀβάστακτος
ἄβαστον
ἀβατόομαι
ἄβατος
ἀβαφής
ἄβδελον
ἀβδέλυκτος
Ἀβδηρίτης
ἄβδης
ἀβέβαιος
ἀβεβαιότης
ἀβέβηλος
ἄβεις
ἄβελλον
ἀβελτέρειος
ἀβελτερεύομαι
ἀβελτερία
ἀβελτεροκόκκυξ
ἀβέλτερος
ἀβέρβηλον
ἀβηδών
ἀβήρελ
ἀβηροῦσιν
ἀβίαστος
ἀβίβαστος
ἀβίβλης
ἄβιδα
ἄβιν
ἄβιος
ἀβίοτος
ἀβίυκτον
ἀβιωτοποιός
ἀβίωτος
ἀβλάβεια
ἀβλαβής
ἀβλαβία
ἀβλαβύνιον
ἄβλαπτος
ἄβλαροι
ἀβλαστέω
ἄβλαστος
ἀβλάστητος
ἄβλαυτος
ἀβλεμής
ἀβλεννής
ἀβλεπτέω
ἀβλεπτῆ
ἀβλέπτημα
ἄβλεπτος
ἀβλέφαρος
ἀβλεψία
ἄβληρα
ἀβλής
ἀβλήτηρες
ἄβλητος
ἀβληχής
ἀβληχρής
ἀβληχρός
ἀβλοπές
ἀβοαί
ἀβοατί
ἀβοηθησία
ἀβοήθητος
ἀβοηθί
ἀβοητί
ἀβόητος
ἀβολαία
ἀβολέω
ἀβολητύς
ἀβολήτωρ
ἀβόλλα
ἄβολος
ἀβόρβορος
Ἀβοριγῖνες
ἄβορος
ἀβοσκής
ἀβόσκητος
ἄβοστοι
ἄβοτος
ἀβουκόλητος
ἀβουλεί
ἀβούλευτος
ἀβουλέω
ἀβούλητος
ἀβουλία
ἄβουλος
ἀβουσκολεῖ
ἀβούτης
ἄβουτον
ἅβρα
ἀβράβεσθαι
ἀβραμίδιον
ἀβραμίς
ἀβραμύας
ἄβραχος
ἄβρεκτος
ἀβρεμής
ἁβρίζομαι
ἀβριθής
ἄβρικτος
ἀβρινά
ἁβροβάτης
ἁβρόβιος
ἁβροβόστρυχος
ἁβρόγοος
ἁβρόδαις
ἁβροδίαιτα
ἁβροδίαιτος
ἁβροείμων
ἁβρόκαρπον
ἁβροκόμης
ἀβρομία
ἀβρόμιος
ἁβρομίτρης
ἄβρομος
ἁβροπάρθενοι
ἁβροπέδιλος
ἁβροπενθής
ἁβροπέτηλος
ἁβρόπηνος
ἁβρόπλουτος
ἁβρός
ἁβροσία
ἁβροσταγής
ἁβροσύνη
ἁβρόσφυρος
ἀβροτάζω
ἁβρότης
ἁβρότιμος
ἀβροτίνη
ἀβροτόνινος
ἀβροτονίτης
ἀβρότονον
ἄβροτος
ἁβροχαίτης
ἀβροχέω
ἀβροχία
ἀβροχικός
ἀβρόχιστος
ἁβροχίτων
ἄβροχος
ἅβρυνα
ἁβρυντής
ἁβρύνω
ἄβρυστος
ἅβρωμα
ἄβρωμος
Ἄβρων
ἀβρώς
ἀβρωσία
ἄβρωτος
Ἄβυδος
ἀβύθητος
ἄβυθος
ἀβύρβηλος
ἀβύρσευτος
ἀβυρτάκη
ἀβυρτακοποιός
ἀβυρτακώδης
ἄβυσσος
ἀβῶ
ἀβωλόκοπος
ἄβωλος
ἀβώρ
ἄβως
ἀγ
ἀγα-
ἄγα-
ἀγάασθαι
ἀγάζω
ἀγαθάγγελος
ἀγαθαίνω
ἀγαθείκελος
ἀγαθίδιον
ἀγαθικός
ἀγαθίς
ἀγαθογονία
ἀγαθοδαιμονέω
ἀγαθοδαιμονητικός
ἀγαθοδαιμονιασταί
ἀγαθοδαιμονισταί
ἀγαθοδαίμων
ἀγαθοδοσία
ἀγαθοδότης
ἀγαθοειδής
ἀγαθοεργασία
ἀγαθοεργέω
ἀγαθοεργία
ἀγαθοεργός
ἀγαθοθέλεια
ἀγαθοθελής
ἀγαθολογέω
ἀγαθοποιέω
ἀγαθοποίησις
OPERONE