ac-cingo, nxi, nctum, 3, v. a.

I. Lit., to gird to or on, to gird round or about (in prose, first after the Aug. per.; in poetry, a favorite word with Verg.): lateri ensem, Verg. A. 11, 489; and med., to gird one’s self: accingitur ense, id. ib. 7, 640; cf.: quo (ense) fuit accinctus, Ov. M. 6, 551; so, ferro, Tac. A. 6, 2.
B. Transf., to arm, equip, furnish, provide: facibus pubes accingitur, Verg. A. 9, 74: gladiis accincti, Liv. 40, 13; hence: accinctus miles, an armed soldier, Tac. A. 11, 18: ornat Phraaten accingitque (sc. diademate imposito) paternum ad fastigium, id. ib. 6, 32: accinctus gemmis fuigentibus ensis, Val. Fl. 3, 514.
II. Fig.
A. In gen., to endow, provide; in medicine: magicas accingier artes, to have recourse to, Verg. A. 4, 493.
B. In part.: accingere se or accingi, to enter upon or undertake a thing, girded, i. e. well prepared, to prepare one’s self, make one’s self ready (taken from the girding of the flowing robes when in active occupation); constr. absol., with ad, in, dat., or inf.: tibi omne est exedendum, accingere, make yourself ready, Ter. Ph. 2, 2, 4; so id. Eun. 5, 9, 30; Lucr. 2, 1043: illi se praedae accingunt, Verg. A. 1, 210: accingi ad consulatum, Liv. 4, 2; in Tac. very often actively, to make any one ready for something: turmas peditum ad munia accingere, A. 12, 31: accingi ad ultionem, id. H. 4, 79: in audaciam, id. ib. 3, 66 al.; with inf.: accingar dicere pugnas Caesaris, Verg. G. 3, 46; so: navare operam, Tac. A. 15, 51.
b. Also in the active form, as v. neutr. = se accingere: age, anus, accinge ad molas, Pompon. ap. Non. 469, 28 (Rib. Com. Rel. p. 235): accingunt omnes operi, all go vigorously to the work, Verg. A. 2, 235.
Hence, ac-cinctus, a, um, P. a., well girded.
A. Lit.: cujus aut familiaris habitus condecentior aut militaris accinctior, Auson. Grat. Act. 27.
B. Fig., ready, strict (opp. negligens): tam in omnia pariter intenta bonitas et accincta, Plin. Pan. 30 fin.: comitatus, id. ib. 20, 3.


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