encyclopaedia

abstinentia

abstinentia, ae, f. (abstinens),
I) das Sich-Enthalten von einer Sache,
A) als Akt, m. Genet., conviciorum, Sen.: alieni, Iustin. – insbes., das Sich-Enthalten (= der beschränkte, gemäßigte Genuß) von Speise u. Trank, m. ab u. Abl., a vino, Cels.: a vino et carnibus, Augustin.: ab aqua, Scrib. – m. Genet., vini, cenae, Plin. – absol., prägn. = das Fasten, Hungern, Cels. u.a.: abstinentiā vitam finire, Tac. –
B) als Eigenschaft, die Enthaltsamkeit von etw. Unerlaubtem usw.,
a) von unerlaubten Begierden, Unsträflichkeit, Quint. 2, 2, 4. –
b) von anderer Eigentum, Uneigennützigkeit (Ggstz. avaritia, cupiditas), Cic. u.a. –
c) von unnötigem Aufwand, Einschränkung (Ggstz. luxuria), Nep. Ages. 7, 4. –
II) (als spät. mediz. t.t.) das Sich-Verhalten, Ausbleiben, sudoris, Cael. Aur. acut. 2, 37, 214: stercorum vel urinae, Cael. Aur. chron. 3, 8, 108.

[Georges 1913]

abstĭnentĭa, ae, f. [abstineo], abstinence, self-restraint (the quality by means of which one abstains from unlawful desires, acts, etc., freedom from covetousness (se ab re abstinet); it always has reference to the outward object from which one restrains himself; while the syn. continentia designates merely subjective self-restraint. Yet as early as Cic. these ideas passed into each other, abstinentia being used for continentia, and continentia—referring to an object—taking the place of abstinentia).
I. In gen., a refraining from any thing: conciliare benevolentiam multitudinis abstinentiā et continentiā, i. e. by not violating the right of property (alieno abstinent) and by self-control (se continent), Cic. Off. 2, 22: possum multa dicere de provinciali in eo magistratu abstinentiā, id. Sest. 3; id. Verr. 4, 46; id. Q. Rosc. 17; so id. Att. 5, 17; Sall. C. 3.
II. In later Lat., abstinence from food, fasting, starvation = inedia (v. abstineo): vitam abstinentiā finivit, he ended his life by starvation, Tac. A. 4, 35; Sen. Ep. 70, 9; 77, 9; cf. Cels. 2, 16; febrem quiete et abstinentiā mitigavit, Quint. 2, 17, 9; so Plin. 27, 55, 80 al.
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[LewisShort]

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