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abscido

abs-cīdo, cīdī, cīsum, ere (abs u. caedo), abhauen, abschneiden,
I) eig.:
a) übh.: funes, Caes.: crines, Tac.: ramos, Caes.: lignum sagittae, Curt.: caput, Cic.: brachium, Liv.: alci aures nasumque, Sen.: alci cervices, Auct. b. Hisp.: rebus caput (im Bilde), Sil.: dentibus linguam, abbeißen, Val. Max. – latera montium, schroff abgraben, Sen. de clem. 1, 19, 7: aquam, abschneiden, abgraben, Liv. 41, 11, 4. –
b) beschneiden = entmannen, kastrieren, Attis abscisus, Arnob. 1, 41: homo abscisus, Kastrat, Arnob. 5, 42: Partiz. subst.,
α) abscisī, ōrum, m., Entmannte, Kastraten, Arnob. 5, 31. –
β) abscisa, ōrum, n., die abgeschnittenen Zeugungsteile, Arnob. 5, 13. –
II) übtr.:
a) übh.: intersaeptis munimentis hostis pars parti abscisa erat, abgeschnitten, Liv.: abscisus in duas partes exercitus, getrenntes, Caes. –
b) die Stimme usw. abschneiden = verstummen machen od. lassen, vox absciditur per ἀποσιώπησιν, Quint.: abscisa scelere Antonii vox publica est, Vell. –
c) abschneiden = gänzlich benehmen, entziehen, omnium rerum respectum praeterquam victoriae sibi absc., die Aussicht auf usw., Liv.: regibus spem auxilii sui, Liv.: spe undique abscisā, Liv.: illa tibi tota oratio abscisa esset, Liv.: abscisis omnibus praesidiis (Unterstützung), Tac.

[Georges 1913]

abs-cīdo, cīdi, cīsum, 3, v. a. [caedo], to cut off with a sharp instrument (diff. from ab-scindo, to break or tear off as with the hand); the former corresponds to praecidere, the latter to avellere, v. Liv. 31, 34, 4 Drak.
I. Lit.: caput, Cic. Phil. 11, 2, 5; Liv. 4, 19; Verg. A. 12, 511 al.; so, membra, Lucr. 3, 642: bracchium, Liv. 4, 28, 8: collum, Sil. 15, 473: dextram, Suet. Caes. 68: linguam, Plaut. Am. 2, 1, 7; Suet. Calig. 27 al.: comas alicui, Luc. 6, 568: truncos arborum et ramos, Caes. B. G. 7, 73, 2.
II. Trop., to cut off, deprive of; to detract: spem (alicui), Liv. 4, 10, 4; 24, 30, 12; 35, 45, 6: orationem alicui, id. 45, 37, 9: omnium rerum respectum sibi, id. 9, 23, 12: omnia praesidia, Tac. H. 3, 78: vocem, Vell. 2, 66; cf. Quint. 8, 3, 85.
Absol.: quarum (orationum) alteram non libebat mihi scribere, quia abscideram, had broken off, Cic. Att. 2, 7.
Hence, abscīsus, a, um, P. a., cut off.
A. Of places, steep, precipitous (cf. abruptus): saxum undique abscisum, Liv. 32, 4, 5; so id. 32, 25, 36: rupes, id. 32, 5, 12.
B. Of speech, abrupt, concise, short: in voce aut omnino suppressā, aut etiam abscisā, Quint. 8, 3, 85; 9, 4, 118 Halm (al. abscissa): asperum et abscisum castigationis genus, Val. Max. 2, 7, 14: responsum, id. 3, 8, 3: sententia, id. 6, 3, 10; cf. in comp.: praefractior atque abscisior justitia, id. 6, 5, ext. 4.
Sup. prob. not used.
Adv.: abscīsē, cut off; hence, of speech, concisely, shortly, distinctly, Val. Max. 3, 7, ext. 6; Dig. 50, 6, 5, § 2.

[LewisShort]

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