Dante Alighieri - La Divina Commedia
Table of contents [TOC] by Henry Johnson [1855-1918]


HELL

Canto I

Introductory - The Forest - The Mountain - The Three -Virgil

Canto II

Dante's Doubt - The Three Heavenly Ladies - Dante Reassured

Canto III

The Gate of Hell - The Vestibule - Punishment of the Lukewarm - The Acheron - Charon - The Earthquake - Dante's Swoon

Canto IV

First Circle of Inferno - Limbo, Abode of the Virtuous Heathen - Homer - The Noble Castle - Great Personages of History and Scholars of Antiquity

Canto V

Second Circle - Upper Inferno - Punishment of Sins of Incontinence - Minos - The First Landslide - Punishment of the Lustful - The Infernal Gate - Semiramis, Dido, Cleopatra - Paolo and Francesca

Canto VI

Third Circle - Cerberus - Punishment of the Gluttonous - The Filthy Rain - Ciacco - He foretells the fortunes of the Blacks and Whites in Florence

Canto VII

Fourth Circle - Plutus - Punishment of the Avaricious and the Prodigal - The Endless Stonerolling - Fortune - Descent to the Fifth Circle - The Stygian Marsh - Punishment of the Wrathful

Canto VIII

Fifth Circle - Phlegyas - Filippo Argenti - The City of Dis - Lower Inferno - Punishment of Sins of Violence - Entrance of Virgil and Dante to Dis opposed by the Evil Spirits

Canto IX

Virgil tells Dante of a previous Visit to Lower Inferno - Appearance of the Three Furies and Medusa - The coming of the Angel who opens the Gate of Dis - Sixth Circle - Punishment of Heretics - The Burning Tombs

Canto X

Sixth Circle - Farinata degli Uberti - Cavalcante de ' Cavalcanti - Farinata foretells Dante's continued Exile - The Damned without Knowledge of the Present

Canto XI

Sixth Circle - Pope Anastatiua II. - Classification of the Sins punished in Lower Inferno - Three classes of Violence, in Three Rings of the Seventh Circle - Two kinds of Fraud - Ten classes of ordinary Fraud, in the Ten Bolge of the Eighth Circle - Treachery, in the Ninth and last Circle - The lees heinous Sins of Incontinence, outside Lower Infemo - Virgil explains the nature of Usury

Canto XII

Seventh Circle, First Ring - Punishment of the Sin of Violence against one's Neighbor - The Minotaur - The Second Landclide - The River of Blood - The Centaurs, Chiron, Nessus - Tyrants, Dionysius - Murderers, Guy de Montfort, Attila, Pyrrhus

Canto XIII

Seventh Circle, Second Ring - Punishment of the Sin of Violence against Oneself - The Forest of Suicides- Pier delle Vigne - The Squanderers - The Black Hounds

Canto XIV

Seventh Circle, Third Ring - Punishment of the Sin of Violence against God - The Sandy Plain and the Rain of Fire - Capaneus - Phlegethon - The Source of the Rivers of Inferno - The Statue in Crete

Canto XV

Seventh Circle, Third Ring - Violence against Nature, Sodomy - Brunetto Latini - His bitter Denunciation of the Florentines - He foretells Dante's Suffering at their hands

Canto XVI

Seventh Circle, Third Ring - Other Sodomites - Three Florentines - Dante explains the Degeneracy of Florence - Approach to the Descent into the Eighth Circle - Dante's Girdle - First Glimpse of Geryon

Canto XVII

Seventh Circle, Third Ring- The Third kind of Violence against God, Usury - Description of Geryon - Descent on Geryon 's Back to the Eighth Circle

Canto XVIII

Eighth Circle - Punishment of the Fraudulent, scourged by Horned Demons - Malebolge - First Bolgia - Panders and Seducers - Jason - Second Bolgia - Flatterers - The Ditch of Filth

Canto XIX

Eighth Circle - Third Bolgia - Simonists - The Sinners, head downwards and with their feet burning - Reference to Dante's Breaking of the Font in the Baptistery - Descent into the Bolgia - Pope Nicholas III. - Dante inveighs against the Greed of the Popes

Canto XX

Eighth Circle - Fourth Bolgia - Soothsayers - The Sinners, with heads twisted, look constantly backward - Manto - Virgil relates the Founding of Mantua

Canto XXI

Eighth Circle - Fifth Bolgia - Barrators - The Sinners immersed in boiling Pitch - Reference to the Arsenal at Venice - Malebranche - The next Bridge shattered when Christ descended into Hell

Canto XXII

Eighth Circle - Fifth Bolgia - A Barrator tricks the Devils and escapes their Hooks - Two Devils in Pursuit fight and fall into the Pitch

Canto XXIII

Eighth Circle - Virgil with Dante in his arms escapes from the Devils by sliding down the Embankment to the Sixth Bolgia - Hypocrites - The Sinners wear cowled Cloaks of gilded lead - The Jovial Friars of Bologna - Caiaphas

Canto XXIV

Eighth Circle - The simile of the Frost - Virgil and Dante climb up over the broken Bridge to the Bank of the Seventh Bolgia - Thieves - The naked Sinners are tormented by Serpents - Vanni Fucci - He prophesies Disaster to the Whites

Canto XXV

Eighth Circle - Seventh Bolgia - Cacus - A Sinner bitten by a Serpent unites with it in the single form of a Serpent - Another Sinner bitten by a Serpent exchanges forms with it

Canto XXVI

Eighth Circle - Eighth Bolgia - Evil Counsellors - Each Sinner if enveloped in a Flame - Ulysses - He relates the Story of his last Voyage

Canto XXVII

Eighth Circle - Eighth Bolgia - Guido da Montefeltro - He tells of the evil counsel that he gave Boniface VIII. and of the vain effort of St. Francis to claim his soul after death

Canto XXVIII

Eighth Circle - Ninth Bolgia - Its Appearance compared with the Carnage on the Battlefields of Southern Italy from earliest Times - Schismatics and Sowers of Strife - The Sinners are horribly dismembered by a Devil with a Sword - Mahomet - Curio - Mosca de' Lamberti - Bertran de Born

Canto XXIX

Eighth Circle - The Poets leave the Ninth Bolgia - Geri del Bello - Tenth Bolgia - Falsifiers - The Sinners are wasted by loathsome Diseases - First class of Falsifiers, Alchemists - They are tortured by Leprosy

Canto XXX

Eighth Circle - Tenth Bolgia - Three other classes of Falsifiers: False Personators, Counterfeiters, Liars - These are afflicted respectively with Madness, Dropsy and Fever - Potiphar's Wife - Sinon

Canto XXXI

The Poets leave the Tenth Bolgia - The Giants - Nimrod - Antaeus sets Virgil and Dante down in the Ninth Circle, the Pit of Inferno

Canto XXXII

Ninth Circle - Traitors - The Plain of Ice - Caina - Traitors to kindred - Antenora - Traitors to Party or Country - The Florentine Traitor at Montaperti - Ganelon

Canto XXXIII

Ninth Circle - Antenora - Count Ugolino - Tolomea - Traitors to Guests - Frate Alberigo - The Bodies of certain Traitors in Tolomea still alive on earth - Dante's harsh treatment of Alberigo

Canto XXXIV

Ninth Circle - Judecca - Traitors to Benefactors - Lucifer - Judas - Brutus and Cassius - The Poets pass the Centre of the Earth at Lucifer's Waist and climb to the Surface on the other Side


PURGATORIO

Canto I

Invocation of the Muses - Dawn on the Shore of Purgatory - The new Constellation, symbolic of the Four Cardinal Virtues - Cato, the Custodian of Purgatory - Virgil explains Dante's presence - Virgil cleanses Dante's Face from the Stains of Hell, and girds him with a Rush

Canto II

Sunrise - The Coming of the Boat with the Angelic Pilot, bringing Souls to Purgatory - Dante is dazzled hy the Vision - The Souls newly landed marvel at the sight of a living Man - Dante recognizes his friend Casella among them and vainly tries to embrace him - Casella 's Song - The Souls listening to it are rebuked by Cato who sends tbem forward on their journey

Canto III

Ante-Purgatory - The first class of the Negligent, Souls of thos who died excommunicated but repentant - Manfred

Canto IV

Ante-Purgatory - The Poets begin the Ascent of the Mountain - The second class of the Negligent, Souls of those who deferred repentance until the close of Life - Belacqua

Canto V

Ante-Purgatory - The third class of the Negligent, Souls of those who died by violence but repented - Buonconto da Montefeltro - Pia de' Tolomei

Canto VI

Ante-Purgatory - Efficacy of Intercessory Prayer - Fourth class of the Negligent, Souls of those who delayed repentance because of engrossment in Public Affairs - Meeting with Sordello - Apostrophe to Italy

Canto VII

Ante-Purgatory - Fourth class of the Negligent - Sordello 's Tribute to Virgil - Night stays the Ascent - Sordello takes the Poets to the Valley of the Princes - Rudolph of Hapsburg - Charles of Anjou

Canto VIII

Ante-Purgatory - The Valley of the Princes - The Two Guardian Angels - Nino Visconti - The Three Stars - The Serpent - Conrad Malaspina

Canto IX

Ante-Purgatory - Dante's Dream - Lucia - The Gate of Purgatory - The Keeper of the Gate - The Three Steps - The Seven P's - The Two Keys - The Poets enter Purgatory

Canto X

Purgatory - The First Ledge - Penance for the Vice of Pride - The Carvings on the Mountain-wall, illustrating Humility

Canto XI

The First Ledge - Pride - Paraphrase of the Lord's Prayer - Omberto Aldobrandesco - Oderisi of Gubbio - Provenzali Salvani

Canto XII

The First Ledge - Pride - Carvings on the floor of the Ledge illustrating this Vice - The Angel - The Removal of the First P - The Hill of San Miniato - The Ascent to the Second Ledge

Canto XIII

The Second Ledge - Penance for the Vice of Envy - Instances of Love, given by mysterious Voices - Sapia of Siena

Canto XIV

The Second Ledge - Envy - Guido del Duca - His Denunciation of the Cities along the Arno - Examples of Envy

Canto XV

The Second Ledge - Envy - Removal of the Second P - Virgil discourses upon temporal and spiritual Possession - The Ascent to the Third Ledge - Penance for the Vice of Wrath - Examples of Forbearance

Canto XVI

The Third Ledge - Wrath- The Cloud of Smoke - Dante questions Marco as to the Cause of universal Corruption - Marco discourses upon Freewill, the human Soul, temporal and spiritual Leadership

Canto XVII

The Third Ledge - Wrath - Instances of this Vice appear to Dante's Imagination - Removal of the Third P - Ascent to the Fourth Ledge - The Poets are again stayed by Night - Virgil explains the Nature of the Seven Kinds of Evil Disposition that are purged on the Seven Ledges of Purgatory

Canto XVIII

The Fourth Ledge - Penance for the Vice of Sloth - Virgil continues his Discourse, expounding the Doctrine of Love and Freewill - Examples of Zeal and Sloth cried aloud by the Spirits as they run - Dante falls asleep

Canto XIX

The Fourth Ledge - Sloth - Dante's Second Dream - The Siren - The Ascent to the Fifth Ledge - Penance for the Vice of Avarice - Pope Adrian V

Canto XX

The Fifth Ledge - Avarice - Instances of Virtuous Poverty and of Noble Use of Wealth - Hugh Capet - He cites Examples of Avarice - The Trembling of the Mountain

Canto XXI

The Fifth Ledge - Avarice - The Cause of the Trembling of the Mountain - Statius - His Eulogy of Virgil

Canto XXII

The Ascent to the Sixth Ledge - Statius explains his presence on the Ledge of Avarice - His Conversion to Christianity due to Virgil - The Sixth Ledge - Penance for the Vice of Gluttony - The Fruit-tree and the Water-fall - Voices from the two proclaim Examples of Temperance

Canto XXIII

The Sixth Ledge - Gluttony - The Shades wasted by unsatisfied Hunger - Forese Donati - Nella - The Immodesty of the Florentine Women

Canto XXIV

The Sixth Ledge - Gluttony - Forese Donati - Bonagiunta of Lucca - Gentucca - Dante's Canzone - Death of Corso Donati predicted - The Second Fruit-tree - A Voice from the Branches cites Examples of Gluttony - The Angel - The Removal of the Sixth P

Canto XXV

The Ascent to the Seventh Ledge - Statius discourses on the Relation of the Soul and Body and the aërial Body assumed after Death - The Seventh Ledge - Lust purged by Fire - Examples of Chastity cried out by the Spirits in the Flames

Canto XXVI

The Seventh Ledge - Lust - Guido Guinizelli - Amaut Daniel

Canto XXVII

The Seventh Ledge - Lust - The Poets pass through the Fire - The Ascent from the Seventh Ledge - The Third Nightfall on Purgatory - Dante's Dream - Leah - Dawn - Virgil yields his Office as Guide

Canto XXVIII

The Earthly Paradise - The Forest - Matilda - She explains to Dante the Nature of the Place - Lethe and Eunoë

Canto XXIX

The Earthly Paradise - The mystic Procession of the Church

Canto XXX

The Earthly Paradise - Invoked by the Figures of the Procession, Beatrice appears - Dante turning to look for Virgil finds him gone - Beatrice rebukes Dante and tells of her Care of him

Canto XXXI

The Earthly Paradise - Beatrice charges Dante with Unfaithfulnees - The Poet, confeesing, swoons - He is plunged in Lethe - He gazes upon Beatrice unveiled

Canto XXXII

The Earthly Paradise - The Procession moves to a lofty Tree - Dante falls asleep - He wakes to find Beatrice seated beneath the Tree, with the Virtues - The Griffon and the others have disappeared - Allegorical Representation of the History of the Church

Canto XXXIII

The Earthly Paradise - Beatrice, accompanied by the others, leaves the Tree - Dante walks beside her - She foretells the punishment of the Church's Enemies and the Coming of an Imperial Leader - She bids Dante repeat this Announcement to Mankind - The Fountain - Dante drinks of Eunoë


PARADISO

Canto I

Prologue - Invocation to Apollo - Beatrice and Dante caught up into the Sphere of Fire - Beatrice reveals to him the Order of the Universe

Canto II

Beatrice and Dante pass into the Heaven of the Moon - Spirits who were forced to violate Monastic Vows - The Spots on the Moon - Beatrice explains the Operation of the Heavenly Spheres

Canto III

The Heaven of the Moon - Piccarda Donati - The Empress Constance

Canto IV

The Heaven of the Moon - Beatrice confutes the Platonic Error of the Return of the Soul to its Native Star - She explains the Assignment of Souls to the Lower Heavens

Canto V

The Heaven of the Moon - Beatrice continues her Discourse - Ascent to the Second Heaven - Mercury - Souls of the Ambitious - Justinian

Canto VI

The Heaven of Mercury - Justinian - He discourses upon the Power of Rome - Inveighs against the Factions of Guelph and Ghibelline - The Seneschal Romeo

Canto VII

The Heaven of Mercury - Beatrice discourses upon Redemption and the Nature of Created Things

Canto VIII

The Ascent to the Third Heaven, Venus - The Souls of Lovers - Carlo Martello - He explains the Origin of variety of Disposition and Character

Canto IX

The Heaven of Venus - Cunizza da Bomano - Folquet of Marseilles - Rahab

Canto X

The Ascent to the Fourth Heaven, the Sun - The Souls of the Theologians - St. Thomas Aquinas

Canto XI

The Heaven of the Sun - St. Thomas discourses upon St. Francis of Assisi

Canto XII

The Heaven of the Sun - St. Bonaventura praises St. Dominic

Canto XIII

The Heaven of the Sun - Dance of the Twenty-four Saints about Dante - St. Thomas explains how Solomon was unequalled in Wisdom - He warns Dante against Hasty Judgment

Canto XIV

The Heaven of the Sun - Discourse of Solomon - The Ascent to the Fifth Heaven, Mars - The Souls of Warrior Saints and Martyrs - These Souls are grouped in the Form of a Cross

Canto XV

The Heaven of Mars - Cacciaguida - He contrasts the Simplicity of the Florence of his Day with the present Luxury of the City

Canto XVI

The Heaven of Mars - Discourse of Cacciaguida upon his Ancestry and the Florentine Families of his Time

Canto XVII

The Heaven of Mars - Cacciaguida reveals to Dante his Future - He urges Dante to relate to the World what he has learned on his Journey through the Realm of Spirits

Canto XVIII

The Heaven of Mars - Joshua - Charlemagne - The Ascent to the Sixth Heaven, Jupiter - The Souls of the Just - These are grouped in the Form of an Eagle

Canto XIX

The Heaven of Jupiter - The Eagle answers Dante's question as to the Exclusion of the Virtuous Heathen from Heaven - Prediction that the latter will rise up against Wicked Sovereigns at the Day of Judgment

Canto XX

The Heaven of Jupiter - The Six preëminently Just Souls - Trajan - The Eagle explains his presence there

Canto XXI

The Ascent to the Seventh Heaven, Saturn - The Souls of the Contemplative - The Luminous Stairway - St. Peter Damian

Canto XXII

The Heaven of Saturn - St. Benedict - The Ascent to the Eighth Heaven, the Fixed Stars - Dante gazes downward through the Seven Spheres at the Earth - His contempt for its Insignificance

Canto XXIII

The Heaven of the Fixed Stars - The Triumph of Christ - The Blessed Virgin - Gabriel

Canto XXIV

The Heaven of the Fixed Stars - Dante is examined on the subject of Faith by St. Peter

Canto XXV

The Heaven of the Fixed Stars - Dante is examined by St. James on the subject of Hope - St. John the Evangelist

Canto XXVI

The Heaven of the Fixed Stars - Dante is examined by St. John on the subject of Love - Adam - He explains the Fall of Man

Canto XXVII

Th« Heaven of the Fixed Stars - St. Peter denounces the Crimes of the Popes - The Ascent to the Ninth Heaven, the Primum Mobile - Beatrice explains the Nature of this Sphere

Canto XXVIII

The Primum Mobile or Crystalline Heaven - The Point of Light representing the Deity - The Nine Orders of Angels - Beatrice explains their Nature

Canto XXIX

The Crystalline Heaven - Beatrice discoursee upon the subject of the Angels

Canto XXX

The Ascent to the Empyrean - The River of Light - The Sea of Light - The Rose, in which are seated the Blessed - The Seat awaiting Henry VII.

Canto XXXI

The Empyrean - The Celestial Rose - Beatrice resumes her seat there - St. Bernard becomes Dante's Guide - The Blessed Virgin

Canto XXXII

The Empyrean - St. Bernard explains the Order of the Blessed in the Celestial Rose - The Ave Maria sung by Gabriel

Canto XXXIII

The Empyrean - St. Bernard's Prayer to the Virgin - The mystery of the Trinity in Unity - The Union of the Divine and the Human in Christ - The Vision ends

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